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All About Trolling Motors

Trolling Motors

Trolling motors are a form of marine propulsion system that is made up of an electric motor, propellers, and controls. It is usually a secondary propulsion; with the primary being an outboard motor. Trolling motors are frequently used by fishermen while they are fishing because it allows the person to maneuver his boat with precision. A trolling motor is a useful tool to have on hand for fishing; it allows the fisherman to glide quietly through the water. A trolling motor isn’t fueled by gasoline; it runs on battery power so when it comes to rating the power of the trolling motor, they usually are rated by the amount of thrust from the force of the propulsion.
In order to choose the best trolling motor for your boat, you need to take several variables into consideration. The voltage of battery, thrust, bow or transom mount, shaft length, and hand or foot control variables need to be considered. For the battery voltage of a trolling motor, there are three choices available: 12, 24, or 36 volts for your system. There are 12 volt marine batteries available so a 12 volt trolling motor system would only run off one 12 volt battery. If you were to go with a 24 volt system, you would need to go with two 12 volt batteries or three 12 volt batteries if you decide to go with a 36 volts system. If you have a smaller boat that is 16 feet or less, a 12 volt system would be okay for you. However, the bigger voltage you have, the longer you’ll be able to stay out fishing on the water. When choosing a voltage system for your trolling motor, you need to put the basis of your trolling motor in consideration because if you choose the wrong kind of battery, it could potentially damage your trolling motor. In addition to battery voltage, you need to consider how much thrust that particular trolling motor has. The general rule of thumb is approximately 36 pounds of thrust for a 15 foot boat or 74 pounds of thrust for a 20 foot boat. When there are rough waters or strong winds, more thrust will likely be needed but too much thrust can be a disadvantage.
 There are two different types of trolling motors: one is a transom mount and the other is a bow mount. A bow mount is when the trolling motor is put on the front of the boat. A bow mount gives the person better control of the boat while the boat is moving. This allows a lot of fish to be caught successfully because the boatman is able to control the boat with careful precision. It is said that maneuverability is easier when pulling a boat through the water with a bow mount than it would be pushing the boat with a transom mount. A transom mount is one on the back of the boat, usually with smaller boats that are less than 14 feet long. Both mounts have their advantages and disadvantages. The advantage of a bow mount is they’re easier to maneuver in the water than with a transom mount. However, transom mounts are easier to operate and mounts to the boat with a clamp. They also don’t take up as space and clutter as a bow mount does. Also, they tend to be cheaper than bow mounts due to their simplicity.

A trolling motor comes with two choices of controls: a hand controlled trolling motor or one that is foot controlled. If you are out fishing by yourself, perhaps a foot control trolling motor would be a better choice because it leaves your hands free to use the fishing rod. If you’re using a hand motor, you will have to switch between the motor and fishing rod. If you have a foot controlled trolling motor, it means more clutter on the boat deck. It is also said that foot controlled motors have a slower response than the hand controlled ones. Shaft length is another important factor. The shaft length needs to be long enough so the propeller will be completely submerged in various water conditions but not too long where it might hit rock or the bottom in shallow water areas. The propeller needs to be completely submerged because if the propeller breaks the surface of the water, it will make noises, spooking fish.

If you are planning on doing some fishing in saltwater areas, there are saltwater trolling motors available for purchase. You shouldn’t use freshwater trolling motors in saltwater because it can damage the motor. Saltwater trolling motors are designed to endure saltwater where freshwater trolling motors aren’t. If saltwater were to get in your freshwater trolling motor, it would kill the electronics and fry your motor. So if you are going to do some saltwater fishing, get a saltwater trolling motor. It will save you the time and money from replacing your freshwater trolling motor.

Saltwater trolling motors are more expensive than the freshwater motors because salt water is harsh on materials and for that reason; a saltwater trolling motor is made out of a corrosion resistant surface, seals, and bearings.

Trolling motor props are also available. Trolling motor props such as AutoPilot can prove to be very handy to a fisherman. AutoPilot works by using a compass to establish a bearing and will keep you in a straight line. If it is windy or any other factors, AutoPilot keeps you on a straight course. GPS can also be integrated with a trolling motor, acting as an electric anchor. If you were in a specific spot according to GPS and wanted to stay there, the GPS feature with your trolling motor would make you stay in that spot, even with the drift of water.

We carry the best available; we offer Minn Kota and Motorguide motors for you to choose from. Our goal is to provide you with the best choices possible, to make your trolling experience the best possible.